Is China Backing Indian Insurgents?
Image Credit: Agência Brasil

Is China Backing Indian Insurgents?


On January 25, 2011, Wang Qing, a Chinese spy disguised as a TV reporter, was arrested and deported after she reportedly visited the headquarters of the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) or NSCN-IM—one of India’s largest and most troublesome insurgent groups. Indian authorities said Qing admitted to being a spy for the People's Security Bureau, a Chinese intelligence agency, and that she had conducted a secretive four-hour-long, closed-door meeting with Thuingaleng Muivah, a key rebel leader of the NSCN-IM who is currently holding reconciliation talks with the Indian government. The rebel group, however, insisted that it was holding talks with the Indian Government in good faith and that it has had ‘no relations with China.’

While the news attracted little attention, it’s hard to see the incident as inconsequential for Sino-Indian relations, as it suggests potential links between China’s intelligence agencies with insurgent groups in India’s volatile Northeast region. More worrisome for New Delhi, though, is the fact that Qing’s case is only one of several recently that suggest an attempt by Beijing to step up efforts at undermining peace and increasing leverage over India as both countries grapple with sensitive border negotiations.

Such dealings were recently revealed in detail in a 100-page Indian government report, accessed by Outlook India. The report pertains to the October 2010 arrest by Indian authorities of Anthony Shimray, a key official and major arms procurer of the NSCN-IM, who had been operating out of Bangkok. During his interrogation, the report alleged that the NSCN-IM was offered the chance to purchase surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) by Chinese agents working on behalf of the Chinese intelligence agencies.

The negotiations for the deal reportedly took place in Chengdu in December 2009, with the agents asking $1 million for the missiles as part of a package that included training the rebels in the technical know-how to use them. However, the deal reportedly fell through as the rebel groups couldn’t raise the money. Shimray also admitted that in return for Chinese support, Naga insurgents had been giving away details of Indian army deployments in the China-India border region of Twang in Arunachal Pradesh, including positions of Indian aircraft and missiles.

If substantiated, Shimray’s revelations would mark for Indian officials a clear and troubling increase in covert Chinese intelligence activity in India’s internal affairs. China has maintained that it doesn’t interfere in India’s internal affairs, adhering closely to the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence—a series of agreements in 1954 put forward by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai governing relations with India. But China also remains deeply distrustful of Indian intentions along the sensitive southern tip of the Sino-Indian border, and may perceive India’s complex web of insurgent groups in that area as an opportunity to undermine India’s grip on power there.

L.Francis Gangmei
July 12, 2013 at 02:48

Every organisation starts with an good intention but later on the idea  and concept of the origin dies and selfishness sieves in! Money! Money!Money!

[...] 'China Worried Over India's Missile Deployment Plans' Is China Backing Indian Insurgents? | The Diplomat TO ALL THOSE WHO SUCK UP TO CHINA……ITS TIME THAT FUTURE LEADERSHIIP IN INDIA BECOMES EQUALLY [...]

Sentinungba Ao
July 20, 2012 at 17:11

To my misguided sister Sabitha,
Pls come and see the atrocities being committed by the NSCN factions in Nagaland for the last decades. Ever since I remember (for over twenty years) Killing fellow Nagas, raping women, kidnapping for ransom, forced tax collection, extortion, corruption, illegal liquor trade, rampant drugs trade, harassing and looting the poor villagers, beating innocent youth, gun rule and forced recruitment of young boys. Nagaland, a heaven has been turned into hell today by these so called nationalist workers. They are all criminals and drug addicts who are raping our motherland. You want to side with them? What an irony! It seems that it has been a long time since you have been to Nagaland. Alop sharam koribi…tell the truth and dont fall prey to false propoganda of these criminal NSCN dogs.

Mitch Eisenstein
July 2, 2012 at 00:04

Love the Chinese dont you? Did you know that China has claimed for itself, all of the international waters leading upt to Vietnam and the phillipenes and everythhing in between? We need to invent a time machine to beam the whole of china into the future, in order to leave them all behind.

February 20, 2012 at 23:48

Ever heard of AFSPA?? please get a better understanding of the situation in the Northeast before you question anyone.’repressed’ is not even enough to explain what our people are facing especially in Manipur and Nagaland.

U Li-ar
December 20, 2011 at 16:46

Stop your bl**dy diversions. We are talking about the rights and justice for the Nagas. Stop turning the issue on its head from one about the Nagas to the Chinese. Bl**dy racialist! Beijing should by right send in its troops like Moscow did when it stopped the Georgians in its track, in Ossetia and Akhazia. Like the Ossetians and Abkhazians, the nagas does not want to be part of India! Einstein my foot!

May 31, 2011 at 13:53

Does that means China is getting radicalized by his friend Pakistan?? So Chinese now want to be known as Future Terror factory? well why not they have all type of factories in China, so why not a terror factory too..!!

May 30, 2011 at 21:30

1. Nagaland was never part of India
2. Nagas are not “Indians”, anyone who can see them clearly know their origins are from China (Yunan) regions
3. The concept of “India” itself which is a conglomerate of many different ethnic groups rather than a “national identity or a race” is to be emphasized.
4. Nagas already declared independence 1 day before republic of India did
5. Indians have done mass atrocities on the Nagas.
6. No where in any part of India, Nagas are even given basic treatment as human beings, as they physically appear to be more similar to Chinese than to indo-aryans or dravidians

From an Indian who is fed up with the way Nagas are treated , brutalized, and discarded by the Indian state and the holocaust perpetrated on these Christian tribal people.

May 5, 2011 at 17:46

India is already free. No there’s no point of using the term “Indian freedom fighters”
Call them as rebels and terrorists.

arun sahgal
March 28, 2011 at 00:03

It is a known fact that China has been meddling in North East India in particular states of Nagaland, Manipur and adjoining Tirap region. Few years back a major arms consignment was caught in Chitaggong Hill Tract it was so big that it could provide weapons to a whole infantry division.
Reasons are simple undermine India’s Look East policy, usurp India’s growing strategic space in SE Asia and use these leverage’s to gain intelligence in Arunachal Pradesh, territory China claims. No doubt Indian state has to be on guard and extend its influence and cooperation along its strategic periphery to thwart Chinese attempts.

Mitch Eisenstein
March 26, 2011 at 13:20

Is there a single horrible thing that China doesnt do? Let me count the ways! Toothpaste contaminated intentionally with ethelyne glycol rather than use more expensive food grade propylene glycol. Whats the difference? ethelyne glycol is poisonous antifreeze used in car radiators. Ingesting it will kill you. And yet, somehow, factories in China, knowingly substitute poison for health ingredients, and the government does nothing to stop it. Why? Because the structure of Chinese society is one of DICTATORSHIP. And so innovation and freedom dont percolate into social development. The communist dictatorship has through its pure EVIL intentions, seperated freedom of economics from freedom of thought which leads to emancipation of spirit. The goal is to destroy Capitalism AND Freedom at any cost. So lets see what else the lovely communist despots do in their military owned factories. Oh yes! Intellectual property rights are ignored. The Chinese by definition STEAL every industrial secret they can get their hands on. CD’s, DVD,s all are stolen and reproduced. Airplane parts are counterfeited knowing that the mil specs are ignored and weaker. Cat food was spiked with melamine, a plastic, and a poison that emulates protein so that its easier and cheaper to make cat food to look like it meets western standards. And they put it in formula as well. To give to human infants. A country that is athiest and a dictatorship cannot promote morality, and the result it a lawless, heartless country that will stoop to the lowest level. Gotta make you wonder what you are eating in your neighborhood chinese restaurant. I mean, alot of the ingredients are comming from …..China!!!!! Eat at your own risk! Oh and I forgot the war against UNIONS in china. Funny how a country that exalts the WORKER, hates UNIONS that want to fight for workers rights. And we are just getting started. Chinese Hacker Armies are constantly probing to find out how to penetrate and weaken other countries, technologically and economically. But I cant do all the work for you guys. And american business is also at fault for selling america to chinese communist athiests for a buck. The communism that our Korean War Veterans and Vietnam War Veterans died to protect us from, have been betrayed by the businesses that made us fight those wars to begin with. Why the switch? Because they realized they could make more money by betraying american ideals, than by defending them. We ought to round up the heads of American Companies that have knowingly weakened and subverted these United States, put them on trial for treason, convict them of capitol offenses of undermining the constitution, and in accordance with law and only in accordance with applicable law, punnish them to the maximum allowable extent.

March 26, 2011 at 08:53

March 26, 2011 at 00:51

If you do not like Type 38 old WWII rifles, let us provide Type 54 old pphs submachine guns to FREEDOM FIGHTERS inside India.

China has no need for these old machine guns.

March 25, 2011 at 15:35

Oh really, when was the last time did you visit North east of India to find them living a repressed life ?

March 25, 2011 at 14:11

@Frank and @JohnChan Have you ever considered the possibility that your comment was moderated because you post always same thing that ‘China shall support terrorists. It should provide WW-II rifles to extremists’ You have posted this comment countless times and I think any other site would have banned you months ago for these type of comments.
Please don’t call it an Anti-China site as they have several articles praising China’s growth too. Do you want me to post links to hundreds of news articles that favor China in this site? Just go to proper region section and you will find plenty of China praise and you wont find any other national saying that ‘Oh this site is biased against my country’ this is an hallmark of Chinese. The problem is not with people (all humans are created equal) but rather the controlled media that consists ONLY of praise to CCP and China and thus people are not used to face truthful articles. Don’t worry you will get used to it :)
And Lyle Morris is, if I am not mistaken, an economic expert situated in BEJING.

John Chan
March 25, 2011 at 12:08

@Frank, this site is an anti-China site, they just want some Chinese bloggers around as decor. It is a long, hard and uphill battle to fight the anti-China machinery; their arsenal to smear and discredit is formidable.

March 25, 2011 at 07:00

If China really wants to support India Freedom Fighters, they would do so through Nepal.

Or simply provide surplus weapons to Nepal Maoist which is a legal ruling party in Nepal.

China is upgrading their weapons very quickly. There are millions of surplus weapons in storage.

March 25, 2011 at 00:07

I think this article is from Indian editor.

They selectively remove my comments also.

Sanjay Taher
March 24, 2011 at 22:56

The U.N. is an absolute joke that should have been disbanded years ago.

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