Muammar Gaddafi Killed
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Muammar Gaddafi Killed


India hasn’t rushed to give its reaction to the death of Muammar Gaddafi, who met a bloody end on Thursday after lording over Libya since he seized power in a 1969 coup. It may do so later this week as the details become clearer.

The Arab world’s longest ruling dictator is said to have been captured in his home town of Sirte and then shot. Reports suggest that by the time he was taken to a hospital in an ambulance he had succumbed to his gunshot injuries.

Gaddafi wielded powers that would have embarrassed emperors and kings in medieval times. He had his political theories compiled in a volume that came to be known as the Green Book, which students in Libya had no option but to read in depth. Gaddafi brooked no opposition and no criticism of his policies.

During the course of his regime, there was no free press, political parties were banned, and those who dared to challenge his policies were often thrown into jail and tortured. The present uprising against him began in February this year, coinciding with the Jasmine revolution that had swept the Arab world. But for eight months Gaddafi used brutal force to quell public unrest, using the military to ruthlessly keep rebel forces at bay.

However, after the UN Security Council passed a resolution on March 17 setting up a no-fly zone in Libyan airspace (a resolution that India abstained on) NATO started to pile the pressure on his regime. Still, Gaddafi demonstrated far more resilience and defiance than the world expected, even against the combined might of the Americans and the Europeans. NATO strongly denied that it was acting as the ‘opposition’s air force.’ Regardless, it took months of air strikes before rebel forces could enter Tripoli.

The post-Gaddafi Libya will take a long time to limp back to a semblance of normalcy. A National Transition Council (NTC) is already in place. A formal statement will now be awaited from the NTC declaring Libya ‘fully liberated.’ The transitional authority is then expected to resign to allow the formation of a new government. The biggest challenge for the new administration will be to unify a Libya beset by numerous and deep rooted rivalries.

October 22, 2011 at 21:20

A fair assessment IMHO.

October 21, 2011 at 20:54

Author forgot to mention living standard of Libyans in Qaddafi Rgime will they get same under NATO ,AMERICAN Backed NTC who comprises on Islmaic Millitants.
Former MI5 agent Annie Machon claimed NATO’s intervention has plunged Libya back into the Stone Age.
“They’ve had free education, free health, they could study abroad. When they got married they got a certain amount of money. So they were rather the envy of many other citizens of African countries. Now, of course, since NATO’s humanitarian intervention the infrastructure of their country has been bombed back to the Stone Age. They will not have the same quality of life. Women probably will not have the same degree of emancipation under any new transitional government. The national wealth is probably going to be siphoned off by Western corporations. Perhaps the standard of living in Libya might have been slightly higher than it perhaps is now in America and the UK with the recession,” she said.VIA RT News Russia

October 21, 2011 at 16:41

At this point,there were different and contradicting accounts about the final hours of Gaddafi’s life except some footages(video-phone) apparently been captured shaken and blurry by people at the chaotic location where he presumeably been discovered and caught by anti-Government forces.
While The US,France,the UK and Eu were expressing congratulatory remarks to the NTC,the manner in which Gaddafi met his end were not echoing during this time of joy for those taking the NTC’s side. Gaddafi himself and his rule over the Libyan people for many decades might not have been impressive to many. There should not be complete dis-regard for what he had contributed to his country and people and these can only be acknowledge at the very hearts of the Libyan people themselves.
Apparently, the crowd surrounding the Colonel’s injured body were acting like a mob rather than any Army-forget about disciplined Army at this time. They were shown to argue with one another in that footage.
Finally, will the scene captured on that shaky video-phone foretold the future state of Libya with Gaddafi out of the picture where factions will soon turn the country into civil wars along tribal lines ? Will Western investments(interventions)pay-off in the near term,short term, or not a chance at all? What and how will Libya’s riches(oil) be devided or shared among nations part-took in the demise of Gaddafi and Libyan stability years to come? Will Libya serves as a workable plan for the next intervention of another likely Arab nation(Syria)? Will new and better hopes and dreams be realized from the sensational movements called “The Arab Springs” ?
This, and many other questions and answers will gradually be visible and making sense in the very near future.

S. Muralidharan
October 21, 2011 at 03:36

Rajeev ji, thanks for sharing your perspectives on Libya. The eccentric 69-year-old, who preached a strange cocktail of ideology based on Islam and socialism, died in his hometown Sirte, apparently after being wounded in the legs.

India would not react hurriedly to Gadaffi’s death, for India and Libya enjoy strong bilateral ties. India established its Mission in Tripoli in 1969. The high water mark of Indo-Libya relations was the visit of Late Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi to Libya in 1984. India has supported Libya in international fora. India welcomed the UN Security Council resolution 1506 adopted on September 12, 2003, lifting sanctions imposed on Libya. Since then, there has been a series of high-level visits between India and Libya. Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Mr. Murli Deora visited Libya in January 2007. EAM Shri Pranab Mukherjee visited Libya in May 2007. Deputy Speaker of Rajya Sabha, Shri Rehman Khan visited Libya in September 2009 to participate in the 40th Anniversary of Al-Fatah Revolution. From the Libyan side, Minister for Asian Affairs, Mr. Burrani visited India in March 2007. The Minister for Economy, Trade and Investment Mr. Alasawi visited India in July 2007 on the occasion of 10th session of Indo-Libya Joint Commission. Minister for African Affairs, Dr. Abdussalam Treki, led the Libyan Delegation, which participated in the India-Africa Forum Summit at New Delhi in April 2008. Captain Ramadan, Secretary, Administration Committee of Harbours Authority (Minister of State) visited India in March 2009 for negotiating the bilateral Shipping Agreement. Dr.Treki as UNGA President visited India in 2010. Libyan Foreign Minister Mr.Abdelati al Obeidi visited India in July 2011.
Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements
Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion (1981),
Agreement for Cooperation in the field of Health and Medical Sciences (1983)
Agreement on Economic Cooperation (1985),
Cultural Agreement (1985)
Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) (2007)
Cultural Cooperation Agreement (2007).

S. Muralidharan
Head, Planning & Strategy, Knowledge Foundation, New Delhi

October 20, 2011 at 23:22

In the end he got exactly what he wanted, a martyr to his greater obsequious cause that included some staunch idea of a greater Pan Arabic nation, his children running around with celebrities, living a hedonistic life out of touch with the proclaimed script of a greater Arab, whilst the greater nation languished, his ultimate demise that more ironic as he was found cowering from his very own people in a squalid ditch begging for his life when not just 6 months ago it was they who were begging him from the squalor for their own lives.

Perhaps a nation raped can never fully recover until the offender one day finally finds himself raped metaphorically speaking, time will tell where these people who have a history of being raped by colonial states, kings and dictators will ultimately find themselves….

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