India's African

India's African "Safari"


India’s engagement with Africa has grown remarkably over the past decade.

Trade with Africa jumped from U.S. $3 billion in 2000 to $52.81 billion in 2010-11 and is expected to exceed $90 billion by 2015. India has emerged as Africa’s fourth largest trade partner, after the European Union, China and the United States. Its cumulative investment in the continent exceeded $35 billion in 2011 in industries diverse as energy, pharmaceuticals, agriculture and telecommunications.

Close ties between India and Africa are not new. Trade has flourished between East Africa and India’s west coast for centuries. India also supported Africa’s struggle against colonial rule and apartheid, and its freedom movement inspired the anti-colonial struggles of African countries, Ruchita Beri, an expert on India-Africa relations at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) in New Delhi told The Diplomat. Throughout the 1960s and 70s, India worked closely with the newly liberated African countries to forge common positions on global issues.

However, New Delhi’s interest in Africa waned in the 1990s. With the end of the Cold War, India was preoccupied with mending relations with the West and establishing ties with the newly independent former Soviet republics in Central Asia. As a result Africa moved to the margins of India’s foreign policy.

Rapid economic growth and soaring energy requirements, however, forced India at the turn of the new millennium to rethink its neglect of Africa.

India imports 70% of its oil, much of it from the politically volatile Middle East. Finding new suppliers to diversify its oil sources is crucial to its energy security and Africa is an attractive option.

Besides oil, Africa is rich in gold, diamonds, platinum, copper, manganese and uranium. India’s diamond-cutting industry – the world’s largest – depends on rough diamonds from Africa, while uranium in Niger, Uganda and Tanzania is vital for India’s nuclear power industry.

May 20, 2013 at 11:17

Actually the western media is pretty monotonic and only talks about the big bad guys, India and China, exploitating and colonising the poor Africans. Maybe you want to believe it's not true, but it is. The western media seems to have a hatred for anything that has India or China in it. This is pretty funny considering that western countiry's exploitation till the 60s in the form of colonization and after that as leaders of major financial systems IMF and WB has always ensured that western businesses could rip off africans without giving anything in return. India on the other hand is building human resources, network and providing jobs that could actually benefit the real middle class and grass roots of most african nations. Unlike west that has just thrown money on the faces of the corrupt leaders, India has actually went in, created a market and given accesories like mobile phones, vehicles, internet access and so on in exchange for resources.What has west done? other than converting africans to christianity and creating a market for western ngos to get fundings from rich donors around the world? Why has west failed to make any change in the last 25-30 years of sending NGOs and giving away massive aid to irrelevant organisations? It looks really ridicoulous when India is blamed for colonisation by the colonisers and theieves themselves. 

[...] sobre la presencia y los intereses de China en África. Pero no hemos escuchado hablar tanto de las acciones de la India en este continente, donde actúa en diversos ámbitos como la inversión, el comercio, recursos energéticos o en la [...]

[...] si tratterebbe dunque di mero sfruttamento, ma anche di capacity building,come afferma il prof. Aparajita Biswas, a capo del dipartimento di studi africani [...]

[...] middle while the US, France, Britain, Canada and the rest of them slug it out with China and India (yes, India) for the continent’s [...]

January 5, 2013 at 19:50

That’s a pretty stupid and generalising statement.

Western media is quite diverse, you can find articles that bash china in africa, articles that provide a nuanced view, and articles that express admiration for the way China interacts with Africa. you can find both articles that are deeply critical to the effect of IMF/WB policies and articles that supported them. Chinese media on the other hand is pretty one dimensional (for obvious reasons).

I dont see what IMFs policies has to do with western media coverage of emerging economies relation with african countries, please stick to the point and provide a proper argument instead of engaging in bashing that you clearly seem to be against.

December 7, 2012 at 09:34

Just ignore the western media, they're a bunch of hypocritical liars that only want to rape Africa. Remember what caused the Ethiopian famine in the 90's? IMF advice and loans to ditch food crops and grow coffee beans instead. And does anyone remembered what happened after that? Coffee prices plummeted, Europeans got their cheap coffee, Wall street made money on the collapsed African currencies, meanwhile Africans starved and died. Their people were stuck with the double whammy of useless unprofitable coffee plantations and billions in foreign denominated loans. Even today the same countries are still trying to pay off it.
India and China would do well to tell the western media to piss off and would only need to point to history if the African countries start to have any doubts.

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