Japan and India's Growing Embrace (Page 2 of 2)

While this is a strong record of cooperation, there are still many areas for further enhancement. Economically, the CEPA means greater economic connectivity, which is especially beneficial given the complimentary nature of their economies. For instance, continued Japanese growth will require more workers and greater engagement with growing markets. India can therefore play a vital role with its booming economy, lower production costs, and an expanding middle class that is creating greater demand for high-end products. India’s growth, on the other hand, requires investments in 21st century infrastructure and technological expertise, both of which Tokyo can help provide. For example, Delhi intends to spend $1 trillion on infrastructure projects over the next five years, and hopes to finance 40 percent of this with private capital. Similarly, India will require Japan’s technology and investment to help close technological gaps and an infrastructure deficit.  

Diplomatically, both countries want international institutions to reflect today’s multi-polarity. They also advocate nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, and hope to prevent the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destructions and the means to deliver them. Similarly, Tokyo and Delhi share a strong and growing interest in preserving freedom of navigation in the maritime commons, which both are heavily reliant on for their energy imports and trade. They also share an enduring interest in preventing any country from establishing hegemony over the Indo-Pacific region, with China a growing concern for both countries.

Although there are plenty of reasons for optimism, there are still a number of barriers to advancing Indo-Japanese ties. For example, despite the rapid growth of economic ties in recent years, Japanese investors are not completely sold on India’s business climate. Not only do they find it difficult to work through the labyrinthine Indian bureaucracy, but they are also concerned about India’s poor infrastructure, opaque legal and taxation systems, and official corruption. Similarly, civilian nuclear cooperation remains stalled due to India’s refusal to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as a non-nuclear weapon state. This is where Abe’s victory becomes important. Having a pro-India premier in Japan may convince investors who are wary of doing business in India. Likewise, Abe’s LDP victory came at the expense of the anti-nuclear parties, and Abe can be expected to push for a civilian nuclear agreement with India, much as countries like the U.S., Russia, Canada, and South Korea have done, and others like Australia are now in the process of doing.

Perhaps security will encounter the fewest impediments. Both countries share concerns over China’s maritime behavior and freedom of navigation. While both have powerful navies, neither is strong enough alone to secure the maritime commons and thus has an interest in reliable partners. India’s navy and coast guard cannot monitor all the Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC) traffic that transits the Strait of Malacca through to the Persian Gulf, so it requires interstate cooperation to handle challenges in waters near India as well as SLOCs farther away. While Japan’s navy does not operate in Indian waters (it’s legally able to defend up to 1,000 nautical miles from Japan), under special legislation it participates in limited anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden. They benefit from each other’s surveillance, and have begun holding joint naval exercises. Greater cooperation in these efforts do not face any great constraints, which is important given that cooperation will help them hedge against unpredictable futures.

Because of his enthusiasm for stronger relations with Japan in India, Abe’s win provides a unique opportunity for the two great powers to expand their cooperation.  With few obstacles standing in the way, we soon could be witnessing a flourishing of Indo-Japan bilateral ties.

Jeffrey W. Hornung is an Associate Professor at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies in Honolulu, HI and an Adjunct Fellow with the Office of the Japan Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. The views expressed in this article are his alone.

Ramesh Deshmukh
August 28, 2013 at 10:11

Kr. Samir Soz, you have given proper reply to Mr. Devdas. Pakistan tried to invade 4 times.  India won all those 4 wars. Even created a new nation called Bangladesh.  As for China,…. India is moving slowly but in right direction.  India is on the verge of acquiring full fledged nuclear  deterence to take care of Chia.  Simultaneously taking measures to build powerful Navy and a well equiped Army.   But there was no need to declare     "NO FIRST USE POLICY" for Nuclear attck.  That policy might be good for dealing with Pakistan , but is entirely a wrong policy for dealing with China.

[...] has long put special emphasis on collaboration with India.  In a manifesto written for his 2006 bid for leadership of the [...]

sameer soz
April 23, 2013 at 19:17

devdas……..i think u r not aware of historical facts…..but let me reveal again …..1) india defeted pakistan in 1965  2) Then dis-membered it in 1971 with bangladesh emerging as a seprate nation.

Now coming to what u have stated yes india can act & should act but surely in responsible manner & as for china ………welll time will tell as to how many friends China is creating with it's "peaceful rise" to power as of now what i see ………….china has problems with very powerful neighbours like Japan, South Korea & Taiwan with rising problems with vietnam (vietnam defeted china – if u are aware then very good) philipines, malasia etc (list is growing by the day) …..not to forget ao called. Superpower US. So, don't think like 1962 china can walk into "Nuclear India" (same threat is always given by pakistani military & politician when talking about india & kashmir). So this mis-adventure may cost china hugely as militarility yes china is rising but difference is not much, may be higher in numbers but indian military is much better offesnsive trained force in the world after US

[...] this year.  With Shinzo Abe, now ensconced for a second time as prime minister in Tokyo, putting special emphasis on collaboration with India, this bilateral equation is starting to become an important feature of [...]

January 29, 2013 at 23:47

its a welcome news,a total shift of japanese manufacturing plant from china to india and other southeast countries is goodchina is now becoming an irresponsible nation as their wealth grows,intimidation,bullying and aggressive stance is now being projected in their foreign policy.trade is what drives a countries economy and with that a good friendly attitude with your trading partner must come along which china now dont follow.we must always remember that the world have live and prosper while china is in seclusion.

Alpha roger
January 22, 2013 at 16:30

Hey anon

I know Beijing and shanghai were built in a day. Sorry India doesn’t have 1300 million prisoners. Else India would build über beijings and uber shanghai and infrastructure overnight. Stupid Indians like their freedoms and log cabins they themselves built. Alternatively they will have china or Japan build these things for them as they contemplate on higher things of life like education and research…their own, not stolen.

Kohyu Nishimura
January 21, 2013 at 03:12

it's misunderstanding. Shinto is like a basic protocol among Japanese, Japanese culture.
Japanese Buddhism had been quite different and renewed from original Buddhism was imported in Japan.
because the Shintoism works,does the function of the filter to anything imported through The Korean Peninsula and Sina continent.
in that means Japanese religion is not rather Buddhism than Shintoism,even Christianity is no exception,too.

January 21, 2013 at 01:25

China is an arrogant, evil empire! It needs to be contained, shown its place, at any cost. The dump shoddy products all over the world. Imagine what you get when you buy their cheap phones for around $10? No guarantee, if it stopped working, which it does. Unashamedly, India imports crappy phones under some WTO shit from China. The Chinese will not hesitate to sell their mothers even for a few cents. God forsaken country, this China.

January 21, 2013 at 01:12

Basically, India is spineless. It can't even handle a tiny adversary like Pakistan when its  jihadi terrorists attacked Mumbai on 26/11. How can they hope to counter an emerging hostile super power like China? If China attacks India, it will never ever defend itself with its ill-equipped army and poorly trained soldiers. Corrupt army officers, politicians, and an inefficient administration all will betray the Indians.

Ma Keqing
January 18, 2013 at 09:18

Hey, devil-worshipper, ya wanna spend the rest of eternity roasting nicely along with the lord of Hades ? ? ? WTF, go on, enjoy yourself to the hilt.  But just do not persuade others to keep ya company, hot stuff !

January 17, 2013 at 04:39

Jealous…hahahaha….no, just deliriously happy for India that Japan will be spending the next few years and trillions of yen developing India's infrastructure, roads, rails, ports, airports, etc., and then facing down rioting Indians workers the likes of those who ran amok during the notorious Gujarat massacre. Go India! Go Japan!

January 17, 2013 at 01:45

With more Japanese companies exploiting the abundant labour in India, it would be a great move which allows Japan to offset the serious effects of a shrinking Japanese workforce and at the same time, prevent Japan from being forced  to bring foreign migrants into its country to stop its population decline. The Japanese are not really open to foreign migrants to its country unlike Europe or America and this a good way to avoid it by simply encouraging its companies to find low-wage and supplementary labour abroad.

January 16, 2013 at 17:56

"Diplomatically, both countries want international institutions to reflect today’s multi-polarity." really? that might be the case with India being a member of non-alignment organisation. but japan? he must have mistaken the polyp up his colon during his colonoscopy exam for a fart. because i just cant stop laughing.

Alpha roger
January 16, 2013 at 17:14

Despite jingoistic rhetoric think about this before sleeping. What a historical regret it will be for china if it triggers war accidentally or deliberately before it even got to enjoy its first vacation from its misshapen destiny. It has created a disquiet instead of making friends. It is surrounded by countries it has made adversaries. And in a war, say with U.S no country will give it a toehold. And it’s self congratulatory pat on its back is being laughed at by India Japan Vietnam Philippines Korea Australia. China’s political posture is that of a child who cries and when scolded cries harder. Us defense budget is 760 b. and the combined defense budget of next 5 or 6 powers is around 80. Wake up my Chinese friends.

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