Asia Defense

Meet Japan’s New Maritime Surveillance Plane

As tensions in East Asia are on the rise, Japan’s Coast Guard is steadily increasing its capabilities.

Meet Japan’s New Maritime Surveillance Plane

The Dassault Falcon 2000.

Credit: Wikimedia Commons

On April 22, the Japanese Coast Guard (JCG) announced that it has selected the Falcon 2000 Maritime Surveillance Aircraft (MSA) for its expanding operational fleet, according to a press release by Dassault Aviation.

The Falcon 2000 MSA, based on the Falcon 2000 LXS business jet, has a range of 4000 nautical miles (7408 kilometers) and is developed for a flight crew of two plus two mission system operators (or four mission system operators in its enhanced configuration), IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly reports.

Furthermore, IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly summarizes the Falcon 2000 MSA’s surveillance capabilities:

It is equipped with a long-range multimode air-to-surface radar with dedicated maritime modes, a retractable electro-optic/infrared (EO/IR) sensor turret, multifunction work stations with automatic analysis functions, and a communications suite that includes satellite communications (SATCOM).

According to the press release, the plane is “designed for a broad range of missions including maritime surveillance, piracy control, drug interdiction, fishery patrol, law enforcement, search and rescue, intelligence and reconnaissance.” It is worth pointing out that while it is technically possible to do so, the Japanese Coast Guard will not arm the aircraft.

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The deal also includes comprehensive maintenance support capabilities.

The JCG has not yet announced how many of the new planes it will purchase, although some media reports suggest three. The JCG is already operating four business jets re-configured for maritime surveillance –two Dassault Falcon 900 and two Gulfstream V aircraft.

According to IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, the JCGs air armada consists of nine Bombardier 300 regional turboprops; nine Beechcraft King Air 350 turboprops; two Dassault Falcon 900 jets; four Saab 340 regional turboprops; one Cessna 206 piston-engine prop; five Airbus Super Puma helicopters; three Sikorsky S-76 helicopters; 12 Bell 212 helicopters; 18 Agusta A139 helicopters; five Bell 412 helicopters; and three Bell 206 helicopters.

A report by the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) notes that although the JCG’s budget has remained relatively steady over the last ten years, it has re-allocated funds internally to build a Senkaku fleet and “and is resourcing shipbuilding and doctrinal changes to match.”

Upgraded air surveillance capabilities go hand-in-hand with the more active role that the Coast Guard has assumed since 2012 in  both Japan’s territorial waters and its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). At a ceremony commissioning of two additional patrol vessels last year, Admiral Yuji Sato, Commandant of the Japan Coast Guard, emphasized that “this is one of the largest-ever investments in the 66-year Japan Coast Guard history.”