Internet Shutdown Pushback in Kazakhstan
By Catherine Putz
Kazakh legislation allows various government entities to slow and stop internet traffic, as occurred to tragic ends in January 2022. A group of NGOs wants the practice stopped for good.
How, and Why, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan Shut Down the Internet
By Rustam Muhamedov and Dana Buralkiyeva
The national elites in both countries do not shy away from implementing excessive measures in the online sphere, including switching off communications completely.