In the wake of North Korea’s failed missile launch, Washington policymakers may be tempted to believe that the danger of a catastrophic breakout has passed, and that the United States can expect to return to relative quiet on the Korean Peninsula. This belief is deeply misguided and wrong. Indeed, satellite imagery has suggested that Pyongyang is preparing for a third nuclear test. Furthermore, the launch attempt has demonstrated that the regime is as dedicated as ever to expanding its ballistic missile capabilities – both to blackmail the international community, and to sell that technology off to its fellow rogue states. The United States and the free world must recognize that the core of this crisis is the nature of the North Korean regime, and adopt a multi-pronged strategy that will undermine the junta’s rule.
North Korea is the lynchpin of the global proliferation of nuclear and ballistic missile technology. The Hermit Kingdom has provided invaluable assistance to Iran’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs. Meanwhile, the Syrian nuclear reactor at Dair Alzour was a mirror image of the North’s uranium enrichment facility at Yongbyon. As the authoritarian state develops its capabilities, it soon disseminates that knowledge to the world’s rogue states. Therefore, the proliferation crisis in the Korean Peninsula is in large part the measure of the proliferation crisis throughout the world.
North Korea’s attempt to cast last week’s actions as entirely peaceful is ludicrous. A “satellite launch” and an ICBM launch are practically one and the same, as the underlying technology and principles of both are identical. Indeed, the United States’ first astronauts were launched into space on converted ICBMs. Therefore, last week’s missile launch shouldn’t be primarily seen as a failure fit for mockery on late-night comedy shows, but as a demonstration of Pyongyang’s commitment to developing the most dangerous weapons in the world’s arsenal.Enjoying this article? Click here to subscribe for full access. Just $5 a month.
The sole concern of North Korea’s rulers is the continuation of their regime. Hence, since the onset of the nuclear crisis in the early 1990s, Pyongyang has sought to bind agreements with non-aggression agreements with the United States and aid shipments. While this latest round of missile and nuclear tests are tied to the 100th birthday of Kim Il-sung, and securing the “legitimacy” of Kim Jong-un in the eyes of the military and the people, they are also part of the North’s long-held strategy of acting provocatively to extract favorable concessions at the negotiating table. The administration is to be commended for its refusal to ship food aid to Pyongyang in the wake of Friday’s test, but there’s little reason for confidence in the Obama administration to offer aid again in the future.
Instead of accepting a perpetual diplomatic game of inches with Pyongyang, Washington should fundamentally orient its policy towards ensuring the regime’s ultimate overthrow. First, the United States should lead an international effort to completely stop the North’s shipment of conventional arms, ballistic missiles, and nuclear technology abroad. Likewise, Washington should target and freeze their financial assets in the international banking system. North Korea showed extraordinary sensitivity to the freezing of their funds in Banco Delta Asia during the Bush administration. President Obama would do well to find another avenue of leverage against the regime, and use it to full effect.