Don't get cute with fleet dispositions. Japanese commanders displayed a proclivity for overly intricate tactics and operational methods. For example, the navy undertook a massive sideshow in the Aleutians to provide cover for operations against Midway Island, far to the south. Why? And speaking of the Battle of Midway, fleet commanders dispersed carrier and battleship detachments too far from one another to render mutual support. Being deceptive carried a frightful cost. Flouting basic principles like concentration of firepower and effort is asking for trouble — and Japanese mariners asked for it repeatedly. To win, think and act strategically — or forego the effort altogether.