Photo Essays | Society | Southeast Asia

Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Karen armed groups gather to seek peace while marking the 70th anniversary of the original revolution.

By Jittrapon Kaicome for
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) soldiers hold a military parade to mark the 70th anniversary of the Karen Revolution on January 31, 2019.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

The 7th Brigade of the KNLA marches in the anniversary parade.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

KNLA soldiers stand at attention in front of the Karen national flag. According to traditional belief, the “rising sun” means the Karen nation always brings brightness and success to the world while “no sunset” means the glory will never fade away.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

The KNLA’s chief of staff, General Saw Johnny, gives a speech marking the 70th anniversary of Karen Revolution Day.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Soldiers from the KNLA stand on a field during the anniversary ceremony.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Thousands of Karen people gathered in the surrounding fields to watch the 70th anniversary event.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Young Poe Karen people attend the 70th anniversary of Karen Revolution Day.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Border Guard Force (BGF) soldiers whose normal activities are under the total control of the Myanmar Army, gather to watch the 70th anniversary event.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) female soldiers join this special occasion marking the 70th anniversary of Karen Revolution Day.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Young Poe Karen people perform traditional dances at night to celebrate the 70th anniversary of Karen Revolution Day.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

At night, Karen people watch a stage performance at the 70th anniversary event.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome
Marking 70 Years of War in Myanmar

Karen children play in a food market area at the 70th anniversary of Karen Revolution Day event.

Credit: Jittrapon Kaicome

On January 31, thousands of Karen people gathered in eastern Myanmar, adjacent to the Thai border, to mark the 70th anniversary of the Karen Revolution Day. That’s the day the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) first launched their armed campaign for self-determination against the Burma government in 1949.

For more than 70 years, the Karen people have combined an armed struggle for autonomy with negotiation attempts to push forward the peace process in the region. Violent conflict frequently recurs, earning the conflict the title of the world’s longest-running civil war. Over time, the fighting has driven tens of thousands of refugees into Thailand.

Even though the Karen National Union (KNU), the political force behind the KNLA, signed a ceasefire agreement with the government in 2012, the KNU’s relations with the Myanmar army remain tense as negotiations on a permanent solution drag on. National leader Aung San Suu Kyi has struggled to secure peace elsewhere in the country but conflicts still continue with other ethnic minority groups such as the Shan and Kachin. Moreover, the Myanmar military’s bloody crackdown on Rohingya Muslims in 2017 heavily aggravated the situation, which resulted in the fleeing of 730,000 Muslim-majority Rohingyas from the western state of Rakhine into Bangladesh.

But today, even while remembering war, peace is the dominant theme. This year, for the first time since the breakup among the KNLA, Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA), Karen Peace Council (KNU/KNLA-PC), and the Karen Border Guard Force, the various groups — some of which have now joined forces with the Myanmar army — gathered together to hold a celebration so as to mark a special event: the 70th anniversary of the Karen Revolution.

Jittrapon Kaicome is a documentary photographer based in Chiang Mai, Thailand. His work has been published with The Washington Post, ABC News, and The National Geographic.