Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Friday postponed traveling for a summit with India’s leader in the violence-wracked northeast, where two people have been killed in ongoing protests over a new law that grants citizenship based on religion and excludes Muslims.
Nearly 10,000 protesters held a day-long hunger strike on Friday in Gauhati, the capital of India’s northeastern state of Assam, the morning after rioters defied an overnight curfew and police fatally shot two demonstrators and injured 24 others.
Abe was scheduled to travel to Assam and Manipur states on Sunday for a three-day trip to discuss security and economic ties with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
“Both sides have decided to defer the visit,” Indian External Affairs Ministry spokesman Raveesh Kumar said in a statement.
In Tokyo, government spokesman Yoshihide Suga said Abe “has decided to postpone the trip after discussions with the governments of both countries in response to a report from the Indian side regarding the local situation.”
Suga said Japan and India have been holding annual visits by the two leaders and will decide on Abe’s trip to India “at an appropriate time convenient for both sides.”
Violence in Assam has been raging since late Wednesday, when India’s upper house of Parliament passed the citizenship bill.
Indian police had to escort an advance team of Japanese security officials to their hotel on Thursday as protesters uprooted telephone poles, set buses and other vehicles on fire, and attacked homes of officials from Modi’s governing Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party.
Authorities relaxed the curfew for six hours on Friday in parts of Assam but shut down schools until next week.
The protesters in Assam oppose the legislation out of concern that migrants will move to the border region and dilute the culture and political sway of those who already live there.
The new citizenship act, which the ceremonial president signed into law late Thursday, will grant Indian nationality to Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jains, Parsis, and Sikhs who fled Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh because of religious persecution before 2015. It does not, however, extend to Rohingya Muslim refugees who fled persecution in Myanmar.
Critics have said the law violates India’s secular constitution.
Challenges have already been filed with the Supreme Court.
Home Minister Amit Shah rejected criticism the legislation was anti-Muslim, saying it did not affect the existing path to citizenship available to all communities.
Angry protests also broke out in New Delhi, where hundreds of students at Jamia Millia Islamia University clashed with the police. The protesting students threw stones at the police, who used tear gas and batons to drive them back.
The Press Trust of India news agency said nearly 100 students and 12 police officers were injured in clashes at the university. Forty-two students were detained by the police, it reported.
Thousands of people also protested in West Bengal state’s Howrah district and blocked the highway. The protesters set tires on fire and brought traffic to a standstill.
Bangladesh’s foreign minister postponed a scheduled trip to India on Thursday for reasons Kumar said were unrelated to the citizenship bill.
By Wasbir Hussain for The Associated Press. Associated Press journalist Haruka Nuga in Tokyo contributed to this story.