Loud and Proud: Resisting Authoritarianism in the Philippines

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ASEAN Beat | Politics | Southeast Asia

Loud and Proud: Resisting Authoritarianism in the Philippines

The country’s LGBTQ+ community has mobilized to oppose the Duterte administration’s authoritarian turn.

Loud and Proud: Resisting Authoritarianism in the Philippines

Participants in the 2019 Metro Manila Pride March, June 29, 2019.

Credit: Wikimedia Commons/Pandekate

On June 26, 2020, a year ago this Saturday, 20 members and supporters of the Philippines’ LGBTQ+ community were arrested as they led a march marking International Pride Month in the capital Manila. The group, most of whom were members of a range of LGBTQ+ and women’s rights groups, were detained for five days before being released. Holding a protest rally in Mendiola, in central Manila, was a bold move: It was the first time that a group had dared to protest near the presidential palace since the government’s militaristic COVID-19 lockdown restrictions were first imposed in March 2020.

“At its very core, Pride is, and will always be, a protest; Pride means fighting back. And so we marched to Mendiola, demanding the right to health, economic aid, and democracy,” said Carla Nicoyco, chairperson of the LGBTQ+ organization Bahaghari Philippines. Nicoyco was among the 20 detained and charged with resistance and disobedience to authority, illegal assembly, and violation of Republic Act No. 11332, the Law on Reporting of Communicable Diseases.

The Pride 20, as the activists came to be known, were released five days later but were subject to further investigations, and the charges against them were only dismissed on October 26. “We can say that we were disappointed but not surprised with the violence Pride 20 experienced under the hands of the police,” Nicoyco said. “We experienced different forms of torture and treatment for almost five days – from psychological warfare to sexual harassment. We were only given a corner while male and female detainees were kept in separate quarters.”

Shortly after the group’s release, the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte passed the draconian Anti-Terrorism Law, which Nicoyco said granted the government “additional justification for attacking its critics – leftists or ordinary people alike.” She added, “I noticed the shift in how the LGBTQ+ community in the country views Pride from something that is celebratory into something of a protest. This is a consequence of the worsening conditions of the LGBTQ+ community.”

Bahaghari echoes the call of the many civil society groups that have voiced their opposition to the Anti-Terrorism Law, which contains broad provisions that criminalize many forms of ordinary dissent. Bahaghari has also criticized the Philippine government for its militarized response to the pandemic and an absence of aid and support to its people.

It was inspiring to see the overwhelming support extended by many groups and individuals, objecting to the detention of the Pride protesters, which, according to Nicoyco, was an important factor in their release. One of the first organizations to support Pride 20 was JASS (Just Associates), a global, women-led human rights network of activists, popular educators, and scholars with networks in Southeast Asia, Southern Africa, and Mesoamerica.

A day after the arrest of the Pride 20, JASS mobilized 50 local, regional, and international organizations to sign a global solidarity statement calling for their release. “The global unity statement and the swift support from JASS not only provided help with our immediate needs, but it also gave us political and moral support. The messages and actions by JASS’ broader network of allies and partners were critical,” said Nicoyco. “We would not have survived if it were not for different organizations and individuals here and abroad who gave material and moral support.”

As the Pride 20 were locked up in cramped quarters with nothing to sleep on but cold floors, JASS provided them with bedding. Upon their release, JASS also supported their healthcare needs including COVID-19 testing while in 14-day quarantine through its Mobilization Fund. JASS also facilitated connections and gave recommendations to several protection organizations for their legal defense and other needs.

After their release, the Pride 20 protesters filed a counter-charge against the police for unlawful arrest, physical injuries, and maltreatment. When the lockdown policies eased in Metro Manila, Nicoyco and the rest of her colleagues in Bahaghari resumed their organizing with urban poor communities. “When the government eased  travel restrictions during lockdown, we were able to go back to the communities. With the funds from JASS, we were able to reach out and organize,” she said. “The intensified attacks on activists and peasant rights organizers is fueling anger. But we are harnessing that anger and transforming it into energy.”

Since then Bahaghari has established new chapters in several provinces in the country. The organization’s social media pages garnered thousands of likes and followers in just a span of a few months, and it plans to continue to build the momentum through sustained online and offline mobilizing and organizing.

Recently, Bahaghari led protest actions following the killing of transgender man Ebeng Mayor, who was mutilated, raped, and murdered. His body was discovered last month. “It is a clear example of a hate crime,” said Nicoyco. “We seek justice for Ebeng. We call for the arrest and imprisonment of the perpetrators.” She also called on the Philippine Congress to certify the SOGIE (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Expression) Equality Bill. “It has been 21 years since the SOGIE Equality Bill was re-filed in Congress. It remains unpassed,” she said. “It is as old as Ebeng, who was 21 years old,”

Bahaghari will once again lead the Pride protest this month. The group is expecting thousands of LGBTQ+ people and supporters to come out to join the demonstrations against the Duterte government’s authoritarianism and criminal negligence. “Us queers have lived our days in hiding and fear,” said Nicoyco.“We’re living in a world that does not want us to exist. Like other oppressed sectors of society, we’ve experienced abuse, injustice, and violence first hand. We’ve been handed our sorry lot by the world when we know there’s a better one. But we’re here. We persist against all odds. Our existence is resistance.”

This article was previously published on the website of JASS.