Oceania | Environment | Oceania

Australia’s Daintree Rainforest Returned to Indigenous Owners

The World Heritage-listed Daintree Rainforest is among four national parks to be handed back to the Eastern Kuku Yalanji people.

Australia’s Daintree Rainforest Returned to Indigenous Owners
Credit: Wikimedia Commons/ Olivia Ellman

The World Heritage-listed Daintree Rainforest is among four national parks to be handed back to traditional owners in a deal signed with an Australian state government on Wednesday. More than 160,000 hectares (395,000 acres) of land in northern Queensland state stretching from the Daintree, north of Port Douglas, to south of Cooktown will be jointly managed before a full handover is made to the Eastern Kuku Yalanji people.

The agreement was signed by government ministers and representatives from the Eastern Kuku Yalanji people at a ceremony in Bloomfield, north of the Wujal Wujal Indigenous community.

The Daintree is one of the world’s oldest rainforests, estimated to be more than 130 million years old, and is near the Great Barrier Reef.

The Daintree, Ngalba-bulal, Kalkajaka, and the Hope Islands National Parks will now be jointly managed by traditional owners and the Queensland state government, while a new nature refuge will also be created.

“The Eastern Kuku Yalanji people’s culture is one of the world’s oldest living cultures and this agreement recognizes their right to own and manage their country, to protect their culture and to share it with visitors as they become leaders in the tourism industry,” Environment Minister Meaghan Scanlon said.

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Eastern Kuku Yalanji representative Chrissy Grant said four years of negotiations have been an important process to establish the framework for when they solely and wholly manage the land.

“Our goal is to establish a Foundation to provide confident and competent people with pathways and opportunities for mentoring, training, apprenticeships, work experience and employment for our Eastern Kuku Yalanji Bama to fill positions from a wide range of skilled trades, land and sea management, hospitality, tourism, and research so that we are in control of our own destinies, ” Grant said.

“On 29 September 2021, this significant historic event becomes legal and a reality for the Eastern Kuku Yalanji Bama to realize our vision for a more promising future for all our people.”

The Kuku Yalanji have lived in the rainforest region of northern Australia for at least 4,000 years, and trace their ancestry back to the earliest human arrivals to Australia around 60,000 years ago. But like other Indigenous groups they were pushed off their lands by British occupation starting in the late 19th century. Today, there are approximately 3,000 Kuku Yalanji people living in Australia.

Vast tracts of Australian wilderness have been handed back to traditional owners in recent decades, including the Kakadu and Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Parks in the Northern Territory.

Australia’s minister for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander partnership, Craig Crawford, called the latest arrangement “truly ground-breaking,” as it is the first case in Australia where Indigenous owners are jointly managing a World Heritage Site. He said the handover showed that the Queensland state government “is committed to reconciliation, Treaty and righting the wrongs of past generations.”