The Pulse

Bombings at Pakistani Political Offices Kill at Least 30 a Day Before Elections

Recent Features

The Pulse | Security | South Asia

Bombings at Pakistani Political Offices Kill at Least 30 a Day Before Elections

Two separate attacks on election offices underscored the volatile security situation in Balochistan province.

Bombings at Pakistani Political Offices Kill at Least 30 a Day Before Elections

Security officials examine the scene of a bomb blast in Khanozai, Pashin, a district of Pakistan’s Balochistan province, Feb. 7, 2024.

Credit: AP Photo/Shah Hussain

Bombs ripped through two separate political offices in southwestern Pakistan on Wednesday, killing at least 30 people, officials said, the day before the country was set to elect a new parliament.

The attacks in Balochistan province – home to a low-level insurgency and various militant groups – raised concerns for the election in the troubled country, where many voters are already disillusioned by political feuding and a seemingly intractable economic crisis.

Violence ahead of elections and on the day of polling is common in Pakistan, which has struggled to rein in militancy. Tens of thousands of police and paramilitary forces have been deployed across the country following a recent surge in attacks, especially in Balochistan. No one immediately claimed responsibility for Wednesday’s bombings.

At least 18 people were killed in the first attack at independent candidate Asfandyar Khan’s election office in the Pashin district, Jumadad Mandokhel, a government official, said.

Shortly after, another bombing killed at least 12 people at the Jamiat Ulema Islam party office in Qilla Saifullah, about 130 kilometers (80 miles) away, according to Jan Achakzai, the spokesman for the provincial government. He said the elections would not be delayed despite the bombings.

The attacks, which left more than two dozen people wounded, drew condemnation from almost all the political parties.

Jamiat Ulema Islam – a leading radical Islamist party that has close ties with Afghanistan’s Taliban – has been attacked by the Islamic State group and other militants in recent years. At least 54 people were killed in July when a suicide bomber blew himself up at party rally. An Afghan branch of the Islamic State group claimed that attack.

Party president Fazlur Rehman and scores of candidates from the party are contesting the elections throughout the country.

Balochistan, a gas-rich province on the border with Afghanistan and Iran, has been the scene of an insurgency for more than two decades by Baloch nationalists who are seeking independence.

The nationalists typically attack security forces – not civilian or political targets in the province. The outlawed Balochistan Liberation Army has been behind multiple attacks on security forces, including one on January 30 that killed six people.

The Pakistani Taliban, along with other militant groups, also have a strong presence in Balochistan and have targeted civilians in recent years, though the Pakistani Taliban pledged not to attack election rallies ahead of the vote.

Abdullah Khan, an analyst at the Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies, said more violence could not be ruled out on the election day. He said any of a number of groups could be behind the latest bombings, including the splinter groups within the Pakistani Taliban, Islamic State, Baloch nationalists, or al-Qaida.

Caretaker Prime Minister Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar denounced the attacks and conveyed his condolences to the families of those who died. He vowed that “every attempt to sabotage the law and order situation will be thwarted” and said the government is committed to holding elections Thursday in peace.

Even before the attacks on Wednesday, Balochistan’s caretaker government had already declared that internet service would be suspended around “sensitive” polling stations – a label that applies to nearly 80 percent of the province’s 5,028 voting sites – in a bid to prevent terrorist attacks.

Achakzai, the provincial government spokesman, announced a three-day mourning period but emphasized that “the elections will take place on Thursday as per the schedule, and we urge people to exercise their right to vote to defeat those who wanted a delay in the elections.” Many locals, however, are lackluster toward the polls, disillusioned by the lack of progress on a range of issues, from economic development to forced disappearances.

In 2007, Pakistan’s two-time prime minister, Benazir Bhutto, was killed in a gun and bomb attack, minutes after she addressed an election rally in the garrison city of Rawalpindi. Her son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, has led the campaign for her Pakistan People’s Party amid tight security.