South Korea had to push back plans to produce an additional 100 Hyundai Rotem K2 (Black Panther) main battle tanks (MBTs) for the Republic of Korea Army (ROKA) by three years, the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) said.
In an annual auditing report to the South Korean National Assembly on 13 October, DAPA said that the delay is caused by technical issues related to the K2s domestically-produced transmission system while retaining the 1,500 horsepower (1,100 kW) 12-cylinder diesel engine manufactured by the South Korean Doosan Corporation for the powerpack.
According to Yonhap news agency, DAPA is now pushing for a foreign transmission system after” the indigenous transmission, produced by S&T Dynamics, failed in reliability and durability testing.”
Initially, the production of 100 additional K2 MBTs was expected to be completed by the end of 2017. The updated DAPA schedule now foresees the completion of the second mass production and deployment of the K2 between 2019-2020.
The South Korean government and Hyundai Rotem signed a $820 million contract for 100 K2 MBTs in 2014. The ROKA currently operates 100 K2tanks fitted with a license-built German MTU 883 diesel engine and Renk transmission system. Delivery of the tanks started in 2014 following the conclusion of a contract between the government and Hyundai Rotem in 2011. The K2 officially entered service with the ROKA in 2016. (The first 15 K2s were put into service in June 2014.)
Overall, the ROKA has a requirement for over 600 K2 tanks (some sources say 400) complementing its K1 MBT force and replacing its aging fleet of M48 Patton MBTs as they are being slowly phased out. Armed with a license-produced Rheinmetall 120 mm/L55 smoothbore gun and fitted with both modular composite armor of undisclosed type and Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) blocks, the 55-ton K2 is reportedly one of the world’s most advanced MBTs.
The tank’s main gun, featuring an automatic loader, has a maximum rate of fire of 10 rounds per minute and can shoot the Korean Smart Top-Attack Munition— top-attack fire-and-forget projectiles fitted with their own guidance system. This new munition enables the tank to engage targets from covered positions. The MBT is equipped with an advanced fire-control system linked to an extremely high frequency radar system.
The K2s crew consists of a commander, gunner and driver.
Hyundai Rotem has also plans to export the tank.
Also, as I reported previously,Turkish military vehicles manufacturer Otokar signed a contract with Hyundai Rotem for technological transfer and design assistance in 2008. The K2 serves as the basis for the development of Otokar’s Altay MBT. “Both tanks share the same base design including the chassis, although the Altay is purportedly slightly longer, equipped with heavier armor, and, in comparison to the K2 MBT also sports a modified turret with composite armor,” I explained.