Japan designated Osaka and two other areas for new virus control steps on April 1 as infections there rise less than four months before the Tokyo Olympics.
Osaka, neighboring Hyogo, and Miyagi in the north have had sharp increases in daily cases since early March, soon after Japan scaled down a partial and non-binding state of emergency that began in January. Japan lifted the state of emergency in the Tokyo area on March 21, fully ending the measures aimed at slowing the coronavirus and relieving pressure on medical systems treating COVID-19 patients.
Experts have raised concerns about Osaka’s rapid spike — with many cases linked to new variants of the virus from Britain — and the burden on health care.
Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide, at a government task force meeting on April 1, designated the three prefectures for pre-emergency status under a new prevention law beginning April 5. The measure lasts until May 5 when Japan’s “Golden Week” of spring holidays ends.
“The measure is intended to prevent the infections from spreading further so that we don’t have to issue another state of emergency,” Suga said.
An international figure skating championship is scheduled on April 15-18 in Osaka city, where skaters from five countries are to participate. The Olympic torch relay is scheduled to pass through Osaka city in two weeks.
“Personally, I think the Olympic torch relay in Osaka City should be canceled,” Osaka Governor Yoshimura Hirofumi said, noting that virus prevention steps such as social distancing and avoiding non-essential outings should be ensured rather than hosting the event. Torch relays elsewhere in Osaka prefecture will be held as planned.
Torch relay organizers have already asked people to keep social distance, wear masks, and refrain from cheering when runners pass. They have said they will reroute or cancel legs of the relay if needed.
Suga said it is the first time the government is applying the law enacted in February. It is designed to target specific municipalities as a pre-emergency measure and allows prefectural leaders to request or order business owners to close at 8 p.m. and take other steps. It allows compensation for those who comply and fines for violators.
The measures, like the previous state of emergency, largely focus on restaurants and bars, while stores, schools, theaters, and museums will stay open.
This time, restaurants and bars will have to comply with government-set safety standards, including installation of partitions, and health officials will patrol to ensure the rules are followed, said economy revitalization minister Nishimura Yasutoshi, also in charge of virus measures.
Six cities — Osaka in Osaka prefecture, Kobe and three other cities in Hyogo, and Sendai in Miyagi prefecture — are covered.
Japan has so far managed the pandemic much better than the United States and Europe without imposing a binding lockdown. But Suga’s government has been struggling to control the spread of the virus while minimizing damage to the economy.
Japan was also weak on testing despite repeated calls from experts and opposition lawmakers. Suga on April 1 vowed to step up testing capacity while strengthening monitoring and preventive measures for new variants, while promising to do utmost to protect the medical system by securing enough beds and hospital rooms.
“We will do everything we can to keep the infections from becoming a big wave,” Suga said, and urged people to take basic preventive measures until they’re vaccinated.
Dr. Omi Shigeru, who heads the government taskforce, said the pace of infections is quickening, possibly because of new variants. He said the government was too slow in acting on an earlier resurgence in the winter, which prolonged the state of emergency.
“Delayed judgment will delay measures,” Omi said. “It is important to take measures adequately and quickly.”
Japan had 474,773 cases and 9,162 deaths as of March 31, according to the health ministry. Osaka reported 599 daily new cases that day, surpassing Tokyo’s 414.
Cases in Tokyo has also been on the rise. The capital city on April 1 reported 475 new cases. Tokyo Governor Koike Yuriko warned that a situation similar to Osaka “can happen here at any time.”
Government advisers say cases are increasing in parts of the country, including western and northern Japan, and variants that are believed to be more contagious are rising rapidly in the Osaka region.
Hyogo Govenor Ido Toshizo told reporters his prefecture has faced a sharp upsurge since early March, especially in Kobe and a few other cities where the majority of new cases were from variants.
He also noted that younger people, including children, are being infected.