April 16, 2020
Anatomy of a North Korean Coal Smuggling Operation
By Project Sandstone
North Korea has adopted creative new ways to export coal and other commodities to fund its WMD and ballistic missile program.
September 01, 2019
How North Korea Skirts Sanctions at Sea
By Cameron Trainer
As sanctions tighten, North Korea’s efforts at evasion intensify.
April 29, 2019
A Closer Look at North Korea’s Virtual Currency Ambitions
By Tae-jun Kang
North Korea is signalling increased interest in digital currencies, possibly as a way to help avoid sanctions.
October 30, 2018
US Sheds Light on Sanctions-Busting North Korean Ship-to-Ship Transfer Activity
By Ankit Panda
Washington casts a spotlight on North Korea's continued sanctions evasion attempts.
September 26, 2018
Fake Flags: At-Sea Sanctions Enforcement and Ship Identity Falsification
By Olivia Vassalotti and Cameron Trainer
Fraudulent ship registration makes the already challenge task of sanctions enforcement more difficult.